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CENTER MORICHES RECORD
VOL.1 CENTER MORICHES, N.Y. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1900 NO.1
FARM AND GARDEN NOTES
ITEMS OF INTEREST ON AGRICULTURAL TOPICS
Care of Implements in Winter - Good Butter Producing Cows - Treat Horses Kindly - When to Sow Wheat - Potato Ground - Gapes in Chicks - Etc., Etc.
Care of Implements in Winter
It costs something to buy a harvester, tedder or hay press, and yet such implements are not always well cared for in winter. One or two hours devoted to cleaning and oiling the implements and tools not required, and storing them under shelter, may have the cost of repair next year.
Good Butter Producing Cows
Farmers who consider $300 too high for a 14-pound cow should remember that no outlay is too great provided the returns therefrom are satisfactory. There is a great difference in the price of a pure-bred Jersey, and a common cow, but there is also a wide difference in the butter produced. A cow is valuable only according to what she produces and the cost. One cow producing 14 pounds of butter is more profitable than two cows producing 7 pounds each, because she requires less room and also entails less expense for food and labor, thus producing butter at a lower cost per pound.
Treat Horses Kindly
Never hit a horse on the head. It is not only cruel, but foolish. You may injure him and also make him a halter puller. If repeated several times the horse will be afraid to have you approach his head. Such a horse will never be safe for driving. Never use a whip unless a horse is vicious, and even then kind treatment will often do more to make him safe and useful.
When to Sow Wheat
The time for seeding fall wheat depends on so many circumstances that no definite rule can be given. If the land has been plowed early and no insects are present, good results can be obtained by seeding in early September; if, however, there is a danger from the Hessian fly or from grasshoppers, or there is a promise of a late, moist autumn producing rank growth, it is best to delay seeding until the first two weeks in October. If the plants grow vigorously, they will become well established and a good crop will result from late seeding. Any time, then, from the 10th of September to the 10th of October will answer, the exact date being dependent upon the above conditions.
Every fall, after removing the potatoes, it is a good plan to plow the ground, using care to turn under all the tops, and sow in rye, two bushels to the acre. The rye will be tall and well headed out when turned under the latter part of the following May, and will furnish a considerable mass of vegetable material to decompose in the soil. The result is always satisfactory, the potatoes being of the best quality and giving a good yield, rather increasing year by year without other manure, while heavy clay soil becomes more friable, and soon reaches that light and crumbly condition so desirable for root crops. In one case, the soil finally became so full of decomposing vegetable matter that, being on a side hill, it would sometimes gully with the violent summer showers, and to avoid this trouble, we seeded it to grass again. As a matter of convenience and to keep the field smooth, it should be plowed toward the centre in the fall and plowed out in the spring. This will prevent an increasing unevenness of the soil in back furrows and dead furrows, and will keep the field in good condition. F. H. Sweet, in the Agricultural Department.
Gapes in Young Chicks
Gapes seldom appear on light, sandy soil. The cause of this disease is a small worm that lodges in the throat. Half-grown chicks usually get over it, but youngsters a month or so old are generally attacked and the fatality among them is great. The Kentucky experiment station in investigating the disease took two broods of chicks and divided them. One brood was cooped out of doors on the ground and every chick died of the gapes in less than a month. The other brood was put on a board floor and kept there, and none of them contracted the disease. Prof. H. Garman says that the same result would be obtained by simply elevating an earthen floor above the surrounding level so that it would not retain moisture.
In case the disease should be introduced by chicks which had contracted it elsewhere, the proper treatment would be to isolate affected individuals as soon as discovered and medicate the drinking water of the rest. The only remedial treatment in their case is rubbing the neck from time to time with lard or vaseline thoroughly mixed with a little turpentine, three parts of lard or vaseline to one part of turpentine. This treatment should begin before the disease makes its appearance. Prof. Garman gives the remedy of Mengin, a French naturalist, who asserts that the use of pounded garlic with the usual food has been made to completely eradicate the disease among pheasants in Europe. New England Homestead.
Functions of Hog's Legs
The hog's legs perform a function not known to any other animal, and that is an escape pipe or pipes for the discharge of wasted matter or sweat not used in the economy of the body. These escape pipes are situated upon the inside of the legs, above and below the knees in the forelegs and above the gambrel joints in the hind legs, but in the latter they are very small, and the functions are light. Upon the inside of the foreleg, in the healthy hog, always active, so that the moisture is always there from about and below these orifices or ducts in the healthy hog. The holes in the legs and the breathing in the hog are his principal and only means of ejecting an excess of heat above normal, and when very warm the hog will open the mouth and breathe through the channel as well as the nostrils.
The horse can perspire through all the pores of its body, such as a man, and cattle do the same in a limited extent, but the hog never. His escape valves are confined to the orifices upon the inside of his legs. People often wonder why it is that the hog dies so suddenly when he runs rapidly or takes quick and violent exercise by fighting. But when you consider the few escape pipes, their small capacity and remoteness from the cavity where the heat is generated, the wonder is not that he dies quickly when overheated, but that he lives as long as he does when heated up. Butcher's Magazine.
To Make Bone Compost
One who can scrape together several barrelfuls of old bones on his farm can convert them into valuable fertilizer. In order to do this he must decompose the bones. This may be done in several ways. Perhaps the simplest, most effective and most economical way is as follows.
Place the bones in a wooden tank or hogshead, packing them with unleached wood ashes. Supply enough water to keep both bones and ashes thoroughly moistened, and in several months the bones will be so softened that they may be pulverized by merely shoveling them over and sifting them. With the bones and the ashes both on the farm, the farmer may with this simple method, and with no outlay of money, produce a considerable quantity of the very best fertilizer for some lines of vegetables.
Where one wishes to hasten the process, he can use caustic lime instead of the wood ashes. This method means the outlay of some money, and the caustic lime is not easily obtained in remote places.
A third method is to use caustic potash instead of the ashes. Like the lime, this costs something. If the caustic potash can be dissolved and heated, and poured while hot over the bones, at the rate of one part of potash by weight to four parts of bone, it will decompose the bone so that it will be ready to use in several weeks.
If the farmer has several wagonloads of bone on his farm, the result of an accumulation of a year or more, he may not be able to handle it in wooden vessels. In that case he can dig a trench in compact soil, and put the bones in them in bulk to be treated with the ashes, the caustic lime or the caustic potash. The wood ashes will make nearly as valuable a compost with the bone as either of the other two substances named. The farmer can take time to use the ashes. Knowing when he wishes to use it, he can begin three months before that time to use the ashes method. For example, if he wishes to use a bone compost next May, he can collect the bones from now until next December, and in that month he can begin the ashes method. In April he will have the bones decayed so that he can fine them thoroughly, and in May they will be in proper shape to apply to the soil.
Treatment of Sandy Soils
I read your excellent journal from week to week, and have done so for quite 50 years. When its articles relate to agricultural matters I enjoy reading them as well as ever, yet my age prevents any labor on the farm. I have recently read an article upon farming on sandy soil. With some of its statements I agree.
If the soil is exclusively made up of sand, and has in and of itself nothing to grow a crop except what the farmer supplies, then, of course, it lacks the requisites needful for the growth of farm crops. If it simply absorbs by the growth of the crop all that is applied to it in the fertilizer it cannot be profitably used for farm purposes, except it is seeded to pines, chestnuts and gray birch, and kept for such purpose, unless there is lying near by clay that can be mixed with sandy soil.
In bygone days I used to think that if a soil composed of common pine land was treated with 100 loads of clay to the acre, say of about one ton to the load, thus making it about a tenth part of clay in the soil, then such a proportion would produce the best of soil. In making this application use a little common sense, and draw on say 20 loads to the acre, spreading it around in the winter, letting it freeze. When dry in the spring, knock the lumps to pieces, taking care to rather spread it around. Next plow it in about four inches and cross plow if you have the time.
Repeat the dose from a pile that you may have dug out for the purpose, and then plow and cross plow. Next, fertilize and cultivate a crop as suits your wants, and the next winter repeat the operation, and so continue until the requisite quantity of clay is used to make a soil eight inches deep.
I am well aware that some clays are inert, while others contain valuable fertilizing properties. I have seen clays thrown out where they would freeze, and the second year clover would be found growing on it. If the work is done in this way, the cost, aside from the labor, is but trifling. When you have thus supplied one necessary element to make a soil that will be reasonably retentive of moisture and of fertilizers, it will be very satisfactory to the owners, easy of tillage and productive of satisfactory crops.
For about 40 years these were the conditions under which I had to work. Many acres of land known as pine plains were cropped until the yield would but little exceed the amount of seed sown, and then left. Some acres near home were improved, and other lots left to grow up to wood. A piece of some eight acres, still owned in our family, will now cut probably 20 cords to the acre, where we planted chestnuts and sowed pine and gray birch seed. Hill Top in American Cultivator
A CAPSULE FOR LUNCH
The Grocer Forecasts a Great Future for Condensed Food Products
"See that handsomely dressed lady that went out just as you came in?" inquired the grocer. "I'll bet my head against a one-cent postage stamp you can't guess what she wanted. No? I'll tell you. She wanted a glass of water and a pinch of salt. Yes. Then she whipped a little box out of her pocket, took a capsule out of the box, and, putting the salt in the water, floated the capsule down her throat. Then she laughed, thanked me, and said that was her luncheon. The capsules were filled with extract of beef.
"The idea of concentrating foods has been getting in its work in preparations for soups. A little box holding less than a quarter of a pint has concentrated within it vegetables and meats sufficient to make a quart or more of soup. A genius out in California discovered that 80 per cent. of the potato is water. He proceeded to drive away the water, and then shipped five times as much potato as it was possible to ship before desiccation.
"Don't you remember that it was said at the time of the war that prices were so high in Richmond, Va., that people brought their confederate money in a basket, and took their family supplies of meat and vegetables home in their pocketbooks? We're coming to much the same thing if this concentration goes on. It does not take much imagination to see that the times may be near at hand when the grower of garden truck will take his stuff not to the grocer, but to the back door of the manufacturing chemist, who will make it into various vegetable tablets.
"Then we shall have our tomatoes in tablets, our parsnips in pilules, and lettuce in lozenges. The pint of milk will be represented in a tablet the size of a trouser button. This is not at all fantastical. Some time ago a chemist announced that he could and would produce food to sustain life from ordinary coal tar, and that to it might be given the most delicate and entrancing flavors, and it might be made charming to the eye.
"If vegetables and other things that are now perishable are thus made into tablets, it is easy to see that there will not be the waste that we now have. Good-by to the garbage man, who now carries away the profit of the grocer in his odorous wagon. With the tabule business in full swing, there would be no need for the grocer. He would go, and the places that have known him would know him no more forever. In his place there would be fellows along the street with little trays in front of them, like suspender and shoestring men, selling all kinds of vegetable tablets. More than this..."
Here the grocer was called away by a customer. Indianapolis News.
Snake Stones for Snake Bites
The subject of snake stones comes up again, this time from South Africa, where they are said to be somewhat common, and are thoroughly believed in. These are white porus stones, which, when applied to a place bitten by a snake adhere for a time until the poison is gone out from the wound into the stone. They are then placed in milk, which is said to cleanse them, and so to render them again fit for use. They are believed by the farmers of South Africa to be taken from the head of the snake.
A good many years ago, investigation into the subject in America showed that in certain cases, at least, the snake stone was the calcined antler of a deer, from which all animal matter had been burned out. No doubt a bit of burned bone which had lost all its animal matter would act in the same way.
These snake stones are commonly compared to pumice stone, which they measurably resemble in structure and in lightness. It would be interesting to learn just what these African snake stones and what the Malay snake stones actually are. Forest and Stream.
The German Empire has 6,000,000 workers; 800,000 unionists.
SHEDS HIS SKIN
A Man Who Has This Peculiarity of a Snake
A man who sheds his skin in its entirety once a year, and who has done so regularly for the last forty-three years is one of the curiosities that Butte, Mont., boasts of. The man, J. M. Price, a fairly well educated miner, is at the present time engaged in the curious pastime of skinning himself. The methods that he adopts is to first skin his hand and face and then strip it in an immense sheet from his body.
The process of skinning his hands and face was completed August 6, and it came from the face like a mask. The skin from his hands resembled a pair of gloves and was exhibited in the streets. the toughness is something remarkable, and two men tried with might and main to tear it. They were not successful, although the skin is not thicker than the leather of a man's street glove. Price talks freely about the matter, although he is rather tender about any publication in the newspapers. Many physicians have examined him during the period of skinning, but not one has been able to solve the problem. In speaking of the matter, Mr. Price said:
"My mother told me that she first noticed the trouble when I was about six months old, and regularly every year I have shed my skin. It is a phenomenon that no physician has yet satisfactorily explained, although hundreds have made examinations and investigations. The fact is, that I shed my skin and that is all there is to it. Regularly on the twenty-forth day of July of each year I feel the premonitory symptoms, and on very few occasions has it missed the 24th of that month. The first thing I feel is nausea, and then I know that I am in for it. The skin becomes perfectly dead, and the perspiration that should come through forms in blisters under it, and the whole thing becomes loose. I generally cut a circle around my wrists, and with the aid of a lead pencil strip it off whole for the purpose of preserving it in the shape of a glove. I take it off from my face in the same manner, but am compelled to remove it from my hair like dandruff. I took a long walk this morning for the purpose of getting up a perspiration, and, as you see, my whole body is blistered.I will strip it off to-day or to-morrow. It comes off in great strips, as you can see by this photograph, which was taken last year. There is no particular pain accompanying the operation, although the new skin is very soft and tender during the first week or ten days.I have to lay off for two weeks each year to attend to it. My children do not inherit the disease from me. There is one of them and she is nine years of age, and there has been nothing of the kind ever noticed with her. Several years ago I was in San Francisco when I shed my skin, and the doctors there preserved it in its entirety and then stuffed it. I am a miner but my work in the mines does not affect my condition in any way that I can see. My general health is good, even if I do have skin to throw at the birds. Chicago Inter Ocean
What a Wife Did
"Pooh!" said a man in an omnibus, as he and other business men were on their way to the city, "my wife is the most methodical, careful, neat woman you ever saw. It is all nonsense for a woman to let a house run into disorderly ways. You ought to see how my wife does things.:
"Well, of course, that is all very well in theory," responded another, "but the best housekeeper gets behind, or something, sometimes."
"My wife never does. She is always the same. She keeps everything in first-class order."
"She must be a very remarkable person," said another man. "How long have you been married?"
"Ten years. And she has never disappointed me. Why, gentlemen, she always puts everything in the same place, and you know just where to find everything you want. For instance, I went to my handkerchief drawer this morning before daylight and took out a handkerchief and put it in my pocket before starting out, and I know just as well as I know my own name that the handkerchief is just such a size, and has my initials worked in silk in one corner."
And the boastful man put his hand in his pocket and pulled out - and unfolded - a white nightcap with long strings dangling from it! Tit-Bits
Fighting Filipino Spiders
"Spider" time has arrived, and the Filipino boy is happy. He does not know much about marbles, but when spider time arrives, and that is just after the rainy season commences, he knows that he is to have a great sport. There are two harmless varieties of spiders that are green and yellow in color that mature in June. They are as large as the common black spider, so plentiful in California. The Filipino boy catches these and keeps them secure in a box. A small rod the size and length of a knitting needle is procured., A spider is then placed on the rod. Another boy comes along and he bets a cent that his spider will whip. Then the sport commences. The boy who is challenged produces his spider, places it on the rod with the challenger's. Both spiders make a rush for each other and a fierce battle ensues. Sometimes the stronger of the two will wind a web around the other, fastening him to the rod and completely "putting" him out of business. The spiders sometimes fight for ten minutes. Nearly every boy has from eight to twenty spiders,and they bet all the Filipino pennies they can get on the result of the fight. Correspondence San Jose Mercury.
MYSTERIES OF DARK ISLAND
They May Be Cleared Up In Part By Cutting Off the Heavy Timber Land
A large wooded island in the Missouri river, near the Lyman county line, this state that has been the scene of many bloody deeds during the last three-quarters of a century is about to be converted to the use of civilized man by having a large sawmill erected upon it. In early days it was known to the whites as "Dark Island." The history of this name is not definitely known, but it is thought by old settlers that it may have acquired the name from the fact either that it is heavily wooded, and therefore dark and gloomy as compared with the open plains on either side of the river, or, more probably, that it was the scene of many a dark deed.
It was on this island that two Jesuit missionaries lost their lives in 1845. They had come out to work among the Indians, and had crossed over to the island to consult White Eagle, a powerful Sioux chief who lived there. This was the last seen of them. Some years afterward the Indians of this tribe used to display two white men's scalps with long black hair, and it is thought they were taken from the two Frenchmen. A few years afterward emigrants found this a convenient place to cross the Missouri, but nothing was ever heard of them after they reached the island.
In 1893 at the time when the federal government was converting the Rosebud Indian reservation into organized counties, Frank Phelps occupied the island. At this time Mot Matson, a Swede, who lived on the west bank of the river directly opposite Phelps' shanty, was murdered in front of his own door. Henry Schroeder, who was at that time employed by Phelps in cutting wood for the steamboats, was accused of the crime. He was arrested and confessed his part in the murder, but implicated Phelps as the instigator of the crime. Schroeder is now serving the seventh year of a life sentence in the penitentiary at Sioux Falls. Phelps was arrested and in the long trial that followed spent all that he was worth, including the island, in trying to secure his freedom. He was found guilty, however,and was sentenced to life imprisonment. He appealed his case to the Supreme Court and on the very day on which the opinion of that court was handed down affirming the decision of the lower court he suddenly died in his cell in the jail at Alexandria.
Many other dark deeds have been connected with the island but it has recently passed into the possession of a company that has commenced the erection of a sawmill for the purposes of cutting the timber and clearing the land and putting it under cultivation. Much interest is manifested in this work as it goes on, for it is thought that in cutting down the giant trees and in clearing off the land where so many dark deeds have been committed evidence will appear that will throw light on the dark mysteries which surround the spot. Minneapolis Journal
"The meanest man I ever knew," said the shore passenger, "was a fellow who got a football and painted it to look like a watermelon. Then during the summer months he kept it conspicuously displayed in his back yard and amused himself setting a savage bulldog on hungry people who happened to take a fancy to the bogus melon."
"He certainly had his mean points," said the tall passenger, "but I know a fellow who could give him a discount and beat him at his own game. I was in a restaurant once where this fellow was getting his dinner. After he had finished he called the waiter who had served him and asked:
"How much do you get for a tip, as a rule?"
The waiter's eyes sparkled. He rubbed his hands together and replied:
"Well, sir, we generally get at least sixpence, but sometimes nice, genteel, prosperous-looking gents like you gives us a bob."
"Then what did this fellow do but put on his hat and say:
"Thanks. I merely wanted to know how much I was going to save by not giving you anything." Tit-Bits
English Superstition in 1900
In the West Country only last week a field of standing barley was "overlooked" by a crone who had long been supposed to desire to add the field to her own adjourning acres. When the owner of the barley sent his men to cut it down, the cutter would not cut; then the horses would not move. So he borrowed a neighbor's cutter. It fell to pieces. It was repaired. The neighbor's horses and men were put on and the barley was cut down. These horses and men had not been included in the "overlooking." And this is seriously believed, even by educated farmers of today, to be due to occult influence.
The street railways of Cape Town employ 300 men. The cars are all made in America.
COLORADO'S BURNING MOUNTAIN
It Has Been On Fire for Over a Hundred Years
A mountain, which has been on fire for more than one hundred years, is situated just west of here. So close is it that its shadow envelopes the town at 5 p.m. at this time of year, and yet the people hereabouts think no more of it than of the beautiful Grand river which washes the feet of the huge pile where the fire has burned so long. To the tenderfoot, however, the glittering patches of deep red fire, where it breaks out at the side of the mountain, and is exposed to view, there is nothing in all this state quite its equal.
The fire is fed by a big vein of coal which the mountain contains. Just how the coal became ignited is not known. The oldest resident says it was on fire when he came here, and the Ute Indians, who once lived in this section, say it was burning many years before the first white man crossed the continental divide. The supposition is that the coal was ignited by a forest fire at an early date in the present century.
It has smoldered and steadily burned until this day. At night, when the moon is dark, ia the best time to see the fire. Then it is that it resembles the regions of inferno as given us in the work-painting of Dante. The earth covering the coal is loosened by the heat and falls away, exposing the sheet of fire.
The escaping gas probably assists in stripping off the rocks and dirt, and wherever the vein of coal approaches the surface, the fire can be seen. The first fire I saw was fully 50 feet square. It had a peculiar red tint, while the burning gas coming up at the base of the coal vein added a bright blue coloring to the scene. In many places the surface of the mountain has sunken, showing where the fire has burned out its course.
Efforts have been made to extinguish the fire. Some time ago a company which owns a large amount of coal land here constructed a ditch from a point several miles above the mountain into which it succeeded in turning the water which goes to form Elk creek.
Previously a shaft had been sunken in the mountain, and into this shaft the water was permitted to flow. The shaft was soon filled, but the fire was above the level of the water, and the effort was a failure. Newcastle Correspondence. Kansas City World
The Thistle As Fuel
There are farmers in western Nebraska who have made hundreds of dollars each fall baling and selling for fuel the common Russian thistle, but a few years ago regarded as a menace to western agriculture. These are not isolated exceptions, either. The thistle abounds through the western counties. In the fall the weed is to be found in enormous quantities through the open country. The special baling machines can place in compact packages, similar to baled hay, hundreds of pounds of this weed in a day. It makes exceptionally fine fuel, and in the west, remote from coal fields, where a ton of coal costs $15 and where the farmer must do the hauling ten to twenty miles, the Russian thistle is a fine substitute. Again, the common "tumble weed" is baled for fuel. It resembles the Russian thistle, with the exception of the thorns, and is even more prolific. In the fall of the year it assumes a ball-like shape, and in the first winter wind breaks its frail stem and sends the fluffy roll of dried vegetable matter bounding over the prairie like a great ball. From this fact its name, "tumble weed" is derived. The first ravine or "draw" the weed strikes affords it lodgement and successive balls soon make a pile as big as a freight car. Farmers drive their wagons into these draws, load them down by pressing them with their feet into great wagon boxes and burn them in the "grass" stoves. The Country Gentleman.
Sea Serpents Old and New
In the autumn of the year 1540, the first white explorers of California, whose adventures were forcibly told in 1898 by our correspondent, Mr. H. G. Dulog, reported that in the waters of the Gulf of California they saw a great serpent. As described by Martinez, who chronicled the adventures of the little band, its head was of the bigness of a wine cask, and it had eyes about the size of a breast plate and long white teeth. As it swam fast through the water about 200 paces from the shore, it head its head high above the surface, and over the waves were seen from six to nine folds of its swimming body. In the summer of 1900 - 300 years later - certain Americans who were engaged in the contemplative pursuit of fishing in these same waters - off Guaymas, saw and promptly reported another sea serpent whose description would well enough fit the one reported by Martinez. Thus, after three and one-half centuries, comes to us the confirmation the observations of Father Jayme, Martinez, Estreda and Bejar. Forest and Stream
A Landmark Destroyed
One of the landmarks in the religious history of the West Indies was destroyed a few weeks ago by the demolition of the ancient dwelling house of the Moravian station at New Hernhut, in D. W. I. New Hernhut was the first Protestant settlement in the West Indies, and was established by the Moravian pioneers in 1732.
With this issue we present to the people of this community the initial number of THE CENTER MORICHES RECORD. Before and since deciding to establish the paper we have received many kind words of encouragement and assurances of support from the business men and people generally whom we have had the pleasure to meet. It is our intention to give to this and adjoining villages a newspaper creditable in every respect and we will earnestly strive to accomplish this. How well we succeed in our first issue we leave to our readers to judge.
We believe that the business men, residents, and in fact, everyone interested in the welfare of the community, appreciate the fact that a properly conducted local paper is an important factor in the growth and prosperity of any village, and that they will give the RECORD a fair portion of their patronage. Politically, the RECORD will be independent, giving non-partisan reports of local doings of all parties, and its columns will always be open to the public for communications on any subject of local interest.
The RECORD office is located in the west store of the Burgess building, adjoining the Long Island Hotel. A first class newspaper plant has been installed, including a fine Campbell power press, a large assortment of new, modern type, and everything necessary for the business.
The RECORD will be issued Wednesday mornings. Those wishing to subscribe will please do so before our next issue so we know how many copies to print. During the next few days canvassers will visit every house and business place in this section to solicit subscriptions to the RECORD. Burdette Raynor will cover Center Moriches and Moriches, and Jacob H. Miller will attend to East Moriches and Eastport. Receipts given by either of these gentlemen will be duly acknowledged at this office. Next week the other near-by villages will be canvassed.
INTERESTING EXCISE REPORT
The annual report of the State Board of Excise for 1900 shows that while Queens county has reduced the number of places for the sale of liquor for the year 1900 under the new law to 65 since 1896, and Nassau to 113, Suffolk county has increased its number of places for the sale of liquor by 26.
Under the operation of the new law Queens pays to the state $22,256 more than it receives in reduced taxation. Nassau receives $4,136.96 more than it pays to the state and Suffolk, $18,413.89.
East Hampton town, in Suffolk county, pays to the sate $195.08 and receives $1,573.22, and Shelter Island, which pays $67.73, receives $869.62.
The number of tax certificates issued during the year in Queens county has been 1,141. In 1896, previous to the operation of the Raines law, the number of licenses issued was 1,206; in Nassau the number is 323 and 426; in Suffolk the number for 1900 and 1896 respectively are 269 and 243, divided as follows: Babylon, 45 and 52; Brookhaven, 58 and 67; Huntington, 29 and 30; Islip, 47 and 35; Riverhead, 12 and 15; Shelter Island, 1 and 0; Smithtown, 9 and 13; Southampton, 40 and ..3, and Southold, 28 and 28, the total increase in the county being 26.
The total of receipts under the new law in Queens county for 1900 is $275,356.79; under the old law it was, for 1896, $43,424.61. Of the total amount received this year the city's share is $183,572.26; of the latter named sum the county receives a benefit of $69,631.26 in reduced state taxes, or a total benefit of $253,203.70.
The total of receipts under the new law in Nassau county for 1900 are $40,966.50; under the old law they were for 1896 on $21,629.98. The town's share of this is $27,311 and the state's share is $13,655.50. Nassau towns received a benefit of $17,792.46 in reduced state taxation, of a direct benefit of $4,136.96 more received from the state than was paid over to the commonwealth.
The total receipts under the new law in Suffolk county for 1900 are $37,192.35, while under the old law in 1896 they were $15,051.40. Of the total amount received $12,397.45 went to the state and $24,794.40 to the towns. The benefit to Suffolk county in reduced state taxation is $30,811.34, or $18,413.89 more than was paid over to the state as the one-third quota under the provisions of the act.
Four terrific explosions in the wholesale drug house of Tarrant & Co., at the corner of Greenwich and Murray streets, Manhattan, Monday afternoon, destroyed property worth $1,500,000, injured hundreds of people and killed many. Forty are missing. The cause of the catastrophe is a mystery.
GREAT SOUTH BAY DIVISION
REPORT OF COMMISSION SUBMITTED TO JUSTICE MAREAN
The report of the commissioners appointed last April to effect a partition of the Great South Bay between Helen T. Smith and William Sidney Smith, known as the Smith heirs and the town of Brookhaven has been filed with Justice Marean of the Supreme Court.
Lawyer Spears, who presented the report of the Commissioners for confirmation, said the Commissioners had worked night and day in coming to a conclusion and had heard much testimony. The waters of the Great South Bay covered from 31,000 to 32,000 acres and was fairly valuable for various purposes. Most of the raising of oysters in Long Island was done there, said he. Under the agreement made after a decision by Justice Cullen eight years ago, the bay was divided into two parts, but they were unequal. All to the west of the line was leased, and the larger portion, to the east remained common, or free, to all citizens of Brookhaven township. The Commissioners decided that a partition should be made by a line running from Bayport to South Beach, dividing the bay into two unequal parts. That to the west of the line was to belong to the Smith heirs, and east of the line to the town of Brookhaven. Under the decision of the Commissioners, Mr. Spear said, the Smith heirs will receive 13,000 acres, and the town of Brookhaven, 18,000. Counsel said that he hoped that Justice Marean would approve of the findings of the Commissioners.
The findings of the Commissioners were opposed by Lawyer George H. Freeman, representing the town of Brookhaven. He said that he hoped that Justice Marean would look carefully into the evidence taken before the Commissioners. If he thought that the decision was unfair, counsel hoped, as it gave to one party of the suit nearly the whole of the finest oyster beds on Long Island, that his Honor would set it aside and appoint new commissioners. The decision gives to the Smith heirs the famous Blue Point oyster fields.
Justice Marean said that he would not set aside the findings of the Commissioners, unless he should find that they were grossly in the wrong.
Mr. Freeman said that it was so wrong that the unanimous opinion of the town of Brookhaven is against the decision, and the citizens in meetings have protested against it as unjust. The Smith heirs were to get the whole, it might be said, of the Blue Point oyster beds and the town gets next to nothing. Decision was reserved, all the papers being submitted to Justice Marean. The Commissioners appointed in the suit are Thomas Young, Solomon Ketcham and Jonathan B. Terry.
LONG ISLAND CHICORY CROP
James M. Magee, of Aquebogue, the local representative of the Henry Franck Sons Co., of Flushing, tells us that the chicory crop is providing a good one in spite of the fact that some mistakes were made in growing it in this first season among our farmers. The seed was sown too early for one thing this year, and some did not thin the plants out enough. The season was too dry for first class growth, and difficulty has been experienced in digging, through lack of proper implements and because of unfamiliarity with the work. After considerable study Mr. Magee rigged up an implement that does the digging pretty well. An inch and a quarter steel rod, some 20 inches long, was fastened to an old plow, and at the lower end of the rod, a short piece of steel was attached something like an inverted T. By running this through the chicory rows the roots are loosened so that they can be pulled out of the soil by hand. Mr. Magee estimates the crop in this vicinity at from 400 to 500 tons. The bulk of it is between Jamesport and Riverhead, though considerable quantities have been produced in other places. The price paid is $7 per ton, and already Mr. Magee has paid out about $2,000 to the growers. Cars have been loaded at Calverton, Wading River, and other places, and one was to be loaded at Riverhead on Friday. The crop ranges from 5 to 14 tons per acre. Mr. Magee has 4 1/2 acres which he thinks will run 12 tons to the acre. The best crop reported is that grown by Henry Prager of Wading River, who harvested 14 tons to the acre. C. H. Aldrich of Mattituck raised 10 tons to the acre. It is believed that the crop has come to stay, as already Mr. Magee has had applications for 200 acres from farmers who want to grow it next year. Next season the seed will be sown later - from the 1st to the 10th of June - and the rows will be planted wider apart so as to permit machine cultivation. It is thought that with this year's experience to guide them the farmers will do much better with it in every respect another year.
It is stated that the toll gates on the turnpikes between Sag Harbor and Bridgehampton and between Sag Harbor and East Hampton are the only ones in the state where toll is still being collected, the others having been abolished.
The school building at Bellport has become overcrowded and the taxpayers are considering the erection of a larger building.
THE NEW LONG ISLAND
THE ISLAND'S ADVANTAGES ATTRACT CAPITAL FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT
To those in close touch with Long Island and awake to its possibilities, the statements recently made by William H. Baldwin, jr., President of the Long Island railroad, were no surprise. That large sums of money are to be spent in developing the railroad system of the Island is the most natural thing in the world, because nowhere else can capital be invested to better advantage.
With the continued growth of New York and the neighboring municipalities, the demand for homes contiguous to the city will become still more urgent, and where can they be located with so many advantageous surroundings as on Long Island? There is great variety of beautiful scenery, a sandy, well-drained soil, plenty of ocean breezes, soil that will produce plenty of flowers and vegetables, and other crops, while the waters provide an inexhaustible supply of excellent fish.
Long Island has resources in the matter of desirable home sites, far beyond the calculations of even those supposed to be familiar with the territory. Extensive tracts of land which it does not pay to cultivate have been found to be especially desirable for the location of residences. The village of Brentwood on the main line of the Long Island railroad, is one striking example of this. For miles in every direction are sandy tracts, covered with pine trees. From the latter comes an odor which is claimed to have a healing and restoring influence for weak lungs. The village is on a level plain, about midway between the ocean and the sound, so that there is full play for refreshing breezes at all times.
There are multitudes of similar localities on Long Island, and as a result of the new development to which President Baldwin has recently referred, many a barren plain, which is now entirely unproductive, will be made to blossom as the rose, and be occupied with numerous villas of prosperous, healthy and happy people.
Considered merely as an unsurpassed locality for the establishment of homes, Long Island would fully warrant the investment of capital to which Mr. Baldwin refers, but in addition to the home features of the section are its unparalleled advantages as a land of summer resorts. Those who are familiar with the subject well know that notwithstanding the multitudes who every season spend their vacations on Long Island, the region has not yet begun to be appreciated, as compared to what is to follow the furnishings of better railroad facilities, the improvement of various localities, the building and maintenance of good roads, and the more general dissemination of enlightened ideas.
Long Island seems to have been especially designed by a kind Providence as the playground and resting place of those who have to endure the attrition of business life in the city. It certainly possesses restorative qualities, and long-headed capitalists appreciate the fact, and are preparing to take advantage of it. Times.
The Smithtown Branch correspondent of the Patchogue Advance relates the following interesting incident: Mr. Potter of the Long Island railroad was informed that an employee on the south side road was a frequenter of naughty liquor saloons. The man denied it emphatically. Mr. Potter sent a chap with a camera to be on hand when the suspected employee's train arrived at the station where the imbibing was said to have taken place. A snap shot of the guilty wretch was taken, glass raised to his mouth, head thrown back, and only his Adam's apple preventing a view of the downward sailing whiskey in his throat, so well was the picture taken. When the unsuspecting fellow was called before his superintendent the next day, he still declared he had not taken a drop, and that he could bring twenty witnesses to prove his assertion. Mr. Potter quietly reached for the picture, showed it to him saying: "This is my witness," and then the curtain fell and the employee, so nicely trapped, wished that the house would fall too and bury him from sight.
THE DEER SHOOTING SEASON
The deer season is approaching and preparations are being made to protect the game from unlawful shooting before the opening and after the closing of the season, which lasts only for four days - the Wednesdays and Fridays of the first two weeks of November. The South Side Sportsmen's Club does not favor the killing of deer at all and last season had a number of deputies protecting the property of the club. The haunts of the deer upon the Ludlow and Astor estates were last year under the protection of the South Side Club and it is understood that the same will be the case this year. There were not as many deer killed last season as the year before. The law forbids the shooting of the deer before the rising of the sun and after its setting.
The appellate division of the Supreme Court has affirmed a judgment for $18,000 in a verdict in favor of Clara L. Stewart against the L.I.R.R. Co. in the Valley Stream disaster on Memorial Day, 1897, when a train ran into a coach load of young people from the Greer Avenue Baptist Church.
|HON. JOHN L. HAVENS
Senator John L. Havens of this place, who has been re-nominated by the Democrats of the Suffolk-Richmond district, is a native of Patchogue, but has resided in Center Moriches since 1864. He is very popular in his home village, and in fact, all through the county, and is acknowledged to be the strongest man the Democrats could name for the office.
Senator Havens was formerly the supervisor of Brookhaven town, has been treasurer for the Suffolk County Volunteer Firemen's Association, and is chairman for the Democratic County Committee of Suffolk county.
The nomination came to Mr. Havens unsought in 1898. The convention adjourned for a day to choose a candidate and the nomination was offered to him. He accepted and made a lively canvass, which resulted in his election by a plurality of 401 votes, he running 400 ahead of his ticket in Suffolk county. Senator Havens is a strict organization man. He was renominated without opposition. The principal fight by him during his two years at Albany was last winter when he succeeded in having killed in the Senate the bill which would have repealed the Burr act and allowed the Brooklyn syndicate which now controls valuable ponds and streams in Suffolk to take the water from Suffolk for an additional supply for Brooklyn.
On joining the Senate in 1899 Senator Havens was appointed a member of the following committees: Canals, Forest, Fish and Game Laws and Affairs of Villages.
Senator Havens came into prominence last winter by refusing to vote in committee to report the nominations made by Gov. Roosevelt for a new Fish, Forest and Game Commission. He gave, as his reason, that Edward Thompson, of Northport, was to be turned down and a Queens county man appointed in his place. Senator Havens said that while Mr. Thompson was a Republican, he did not think that the appointment should be taken away from Suffolk county.
Senator Havens is now making an active canvass. His opponent is William M. McKinley of Northport. Both are young men and both are hustling for votes.
The name of the Good Ground post office is to be changed to Bayhampton just as soon as the post office authorities can make the necessary arrangements. The matter of a new name was put to a vote and received the support of ninety per cent. of the population. The new name was suggested by Judge Wauhope Lynn, of New York, who is a summer resident. It is chosen owing to the village touching two bays. The old name of Good Ground, it has been asserted by the advocates of the change suggested that the place was a camp meeting place and misled many persons.
The Long Island Bible Society will hold its annual meeting at Lake Grove, Tuesday, Nov. 13. There will be a business session in the afternoon and a popular meeting in the evening. The principal speakers will be the Rev. W. E. Scofield, pastor of the Southampton M.E. Church, and the Rev. C. O. Gray. the Presbyterian pastor of Smithtown Branch. Their topics will be: "The Work of the Bible Society in the Home Field," and, "The Influence of the Bible on National Life."
Dr. Edna L. Terry, formerly of Port Jefferson, who has been a medical missionary in China for several years, arrived in New York last Wednesday afternoon from China and went to her sister's home, Mrs. Elmer Smith, at Mt. Vernon, where she will remain for some considerable time.
The County Equalization Commissioners, Messrs. Price, Terry and Ludlam, are engaged in their work of inspection and examination preparatory to making their annual report to the supervisors at the next meeting.
E. L. Buckley, aged 27 years, brakeman on the Amagansett freight train, was killed near Bayport Monday morning. He fell between the cars and his body was frightfully mangled. His home was at Jamaica.
Duck hunting on the Great South Bay is unusually good. The biggest bag to date was made by Donnelly Deacon of Patchogue and a friend from Brooklyn, who shot eighty-eight birds.
ADVERTISEMENTS View Image
MORICHES INN Center Moriches, Long Island Open
the year round
Heated by steam. All modern improvements. Bus from the house will meet
all trains and convey guests to the house free of charge. N. O. Hedges, Proprietor.
MORICHES FUEL CO., Yards at Railroad Station
Coal, Wood, Baled Hay and Straw Always on hand a supply of high grade
coal at market prices, guaranteeing the public good service and prompt delivery
E. O. HOWELL, East Moriches General Merchandise
COME HERE FOR YOUR Heavy Underwear, Mittens and Gloves, Hats and Caps.
ROBINSON BROS., Carr's Block, Main St., Center
We are offering SPECIAL BARGAINS in Stoves, Ranges and Heaters this Fall. Also
Bargains in Plumbing, Gas-Fitting and Windmill Work.
JOHN L. HAVENS, AGENCY FOR NIAGARA FIRE
For Center Moriches and Vicinity Telephone Call: 6 F, Center Moriches
BISHOP & HALLOCK, Dealers in Lumber,
Hardware, Glass, Sash, Blinds, Doors,
Paints and all kinds of Building Materials Main Street Center Moriches
Telephone 4 B
BURDETTE RAYNOR, Center Moriches JUST LOOK HERE
Or call and look at my
Parlor Stoves, and Ranges. They will bear comparison in looks, quality and PRICE with all
competition. We will be glad to see you. Come in and convince yourself.
EAST MORICHES LIVERY AND EXCHANGE STABLES
Horses and Cows for sale and exchange. Team work and Grading a specialty.
Salt Hay for Sale. H. M. Reeve, Proprietor
CHARLES C. TRASK, THE PEOPLES' MEAT MARKET
Beef, Lamb, Pork, Veal,
Poultry, Etc. Main St., East Moriches Telephone 5 F
JOHN A PORTER, Manufacturer of FINE CIGARS
And Dealer in Smoking Tobacco & Cigarettes Center Moriches, L.I.
EZRA MILLER, HARNESS MAKER East Moriches Call
and look at my stock of
Horse Blankets, Factory Harnesses, Collars, Halters, Chamois, etc. Prices Right
W. J. HOWELL DEALER IN COAL AND WOOD EAST
For Best Effects In Stylish Headgear and Trimmings Call at Miss M. J. Reeves,
CENTER MORICHES MILLINERY, Main Street
JACOB H. MILLER, East Moriches Fire Insurance
Agency for Tiger's Nursery, Patchogue. Orders for Fall Planting received now.
CHARLES MONTAGNA Wholesale & Retail Dealer
in Fruits and Vegetables
Center Moriches First-class Groceries a specialty. Choice Confectionery, Cigars, Tobacco
FRANK ANTON HORSESHOER & BLACKSMITH East
First-class work. Charges moderate
Ask your grocer for GARDNER'S WHITE MOUNTAIN
BREAD Insist on getting it.
Its seldom equaled, never excelled. We are artistic Confectioners, and can
furnish you with Wedding Cake Boxes of every description. Twenty-five years
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